Brocade

Brocade
According to the Moein dictionary brocade is a fabric woven out of gold. A very fine and expensive fabric whose weft is pure silk ant its wraps are colored silk and one of warps can be gold or silver cord.

According to historian, history of brocade goes back to 7000 years ago. Brocade weaving like any other handcrafts was very common in Achamaead era. Images of kings carved on walls of Persepolis, Built by Darius the Great around 515 B.C., on the brim of cloak and clothes king’s and aristocrats shows that fabric used in making their clothes was brocade fridge of their clothes and cloak was embellished with images of lion, bird and 5 leaves flower and geometrical pattern like triangle embroidered out of pure gold threads. 

Pieces of brocades of Iran are kept in different museums of the world including Louvre Museum, Louvre Metropolitan, Church of St. Victor, Lyon, Victoria and Albert Museum, Washington, Hermitage and Leningrad.

Safavid era was golden age of brocade in Iran. Support of Safavid kings specifically Shāh Abbās the Great ,lead to establishing atelier in which masters were crafting brocade.in the era of Shah Abbas reached its zenith and lead to crafting unique brocades in the history of textile.

After Safavid era this handcraft because of the Mongol invasion and Islam entrance in Iran was forgotten and it was not till Pahlavi that brocade revived in Iran and atelier were reestablished and masters were invited to practice this precious art and train other apprentices. Holding domestic and foreign exhibitions, TV and radio commercials all help to prosperity and popularity of these handcraft.in special ceremonies and crowning aristocrats wore clothes made out of brocade. Raw material for brocade is Iranian top-quality natural silk.one of main material used in Iranian brocade is “Golabtun” and brocade is indebted its brilliancy and value.”Golabtun” is the art of covering of the surface of silk thread with precious metals like gold and silver.

Patterns used in brocading were winged lion and eagle ( in Achaemenid era), peacock, lion, birds and animals ( in Sassanid era) and during Safavid era patterns were inspired by tales of Shahnameh, aristocrats ,kings traditional love stories of Layla and Majnun , Slimi patterns ,animals and birds.



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